Getting started with behat – Extending Behat with Mink

Mink provides an interface for web drivers (like Goutte and Selenium) as well as a MinkContext which, when extended, provides additional web language for our steps.

To install Mink (and the default Goutte driver):

$ composer require --dev behat/mink-extension="^2.0"
$ composer require --dev behat/mink-goutte-driver="^1.0"

Then extend your context with MinkContext:

<?php
use Behat\MinkExtension\Context\MinkContext;

class FeatureContext extends MinkContext … {
    …
}

You can see the entire list of syntax available in your Behat install with the following command:

$ ./vendor/bin/behat -dl

Given /^(?:|I )am on "(?P<page>[^"]+)"$/
 When /^(?:|I )reload the page$/
 When /^(?:|I )move backward one page$/
 When /^(?:|I )move forward one page$/
 When /^(?:|I )press "(?P<button>(?:[^"]|\\")*)"$/
 When /^(?:|I )follow "(?P<link>(?:[^"]|\\")*)"$/
 When /^(?:|I )fill in "(?P<field>(?:[^"]|\\")*)" with "(?P<value>(?:[^"]|\\")*)"$/

You then need to configure Mink to indicate where the website you want to test is located and which Web Drivers to use (Goutte by default):

# ./behat.yml
default:
    extensions:
        Behat\MinkExtension:
            base_url: "[your website URL]"
            sessions:
                default:
                    goutte: ~

Here is an example of a scenario using only the Mink provided steps:

# ./features/Authentication.feature
Feature: Authentication
    As a security conscious developer I wish to ensure that only valid users can access our website.

    Scenario: Login in successfully to my website
        When I am on "/login"
        And I fill in "email" with "my@email.com"
        And I fill in "password" with "my_password"
        And I press "Login"
        Then I should see "Successfully logged in"

    Scenario: Attempt to login with invalid credentials
        When I am on "/login"
        And I fill in "email" with "my@email.com"
        And I fill in "password" with "not_my_password"
        And I press "Login"
        Then I should see "Login failed"

You can now test this by running the feature via Behat:

./vendor/bin/behat features/Authentication.feature

You can create your own steps using MinkContext for common steps (for instance logging in is a very common operation):

Feature: Authentication
    As a security conscious developer I wish to ensure that only valid users can access our website.

    Scenario: Login in successfully to my website
        Given I login as "my@email.com" with password "my_password"
        Then I should see "Successfully logged in"

    Scenario: Attempt to login with invalid credentials
        Given I login as "my@email.com" with password "not_my_password"
        Then I should see "Login failed"

You will need to extend your context file with the MinkContext to get access to the web drivers and page interactions:

<?php
use Behat\MinkExtension\Context\MinkContext;

class FeatureContext extends MinkContext {
    /**
      * @Given I login as :username with password :password
      */
    public function iLoginAsWithPassword($username, $password) {
        $this->visit("/login");
        $this->fillField("email", $username);
        $this->fillField("password", $password);
        $this->pressButton("Login");
    }
}

Mink also provides CSS selectors in most of it’s pre-provided calls which allows you to identify elements on the page using constructs such as this:

When I click on "div[id^='some-name']"
And I click on ".some-class:first"
And I click on "//html/body/table/thead/tr/th[first()]"

if you want to reproduce, please indicate the source:
Getting started with behat – Extending Behat with Mink - CodeDay